Abstract:Japanese encephalitis is a viral disease which is endemic to the South, Southeast Asia and Asia Oceania regions. Japanese encephalitis (JE) virus is a member of the family Flaviviridae, genus Flavivirus Only a single serotype of JE virus has been identified and sub typification has been described. It is a zoonosis – an animal disease that can spread to humans. This disease is primarily transmitted by evening biting Culex mosquitoes that feed on infected birds, pigs and other mammals passing the infection to humans living and working in rural areas around rice paddies and irrigation systems. Over the years active vaccination campaigns in endemic countries have led to a decrease in the number of reported cases. Currently, there is no cure and treatment is mainly supportive for JEV. Though the patients are not infectious, but further mosquito bites should be avoided. Many antiviral agents have been investigated but none of these have convincingly improve the outcome of JEV. In this review, the current knowledge of the epidemiology and the pathogenesis of this deadly disease have been summarized.
Keywords:Japanese encephalitis, culex and flaviviridae. Title: A Review on Japanese Encephalitis Author: Vikash Sharma, Vaquil ISSN 2349-7823 International Journal of Recent Research in Life Sciences (IJRRLS) Paper Publications
THE EFFECT OF SLEEP ROUTINE OF GERIATRICS LIVING IN NURSING HOMES ON THEIR MOBILITY AND QUALITY OF LIFE
Abstract:Our objective in this study was to research the effect of sleeping routine on mobility and the quality of life for geriatric patients living in nursing homes.
Materials and Methods: Our study was conducted on 50 geriatric people living in Barınyurt Nursing Home and Galatasaraylılar Yurdu Aileden Biri Nursing and Rest Home. Two groups each consisting of 25 people were formed, one of which consisted of patients without daytime sleepiness (Group 1) and the other group with daytime sleepiness.(Group 2). The groups were made up of people over 65 years of age, who were willing to cooperate, able to communicate and have a score of 23 and over from their Standard Mini Mental Test(SMMT) were involved in our study. The Ephworth Sleepiness Scale was used for determining sleepiness level, the Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) was used for Sleep Quality, the Tinetti Balance and Gait Assessment (TBGA) was used for mobility, and the WHOQOL-OLD was used for quality of life.
Results: As a result of the assessment conducted, it was found that there was a statistically reasonable decrease in total PSQI score (p=0,001), TBGA lower balance score (p=0,00) and total scores (p=0,006) in the group with sleepiness. No significant change was found in TBGA gait score (p=0,162). No significant change was found in WHOQOL-OLD score (p=0,369).
Conclusions: The study displayed that there was no difference in the quality of life for geriatric patients whereas as it was discovered that the mobility and especially the balance of the group of geriatric patients with sleepiness was more impaired. It was concluded that in order to reduce the risk of falling in geriatric patients, a consistent sleep pattern should be developed in order to increase their mobility and balance.
Keywords:Nursing Home, Geriatrics, Sleep, Mobility, Quality Of Life. Title: THE EFFECT OF SLEEP ROUTINE OF GERIATRICS LIVING IN NURSING HOMES ON THEIR MOBILITY AND QUALITY OF LIFE Author: İDO Julyet, ÖZSEZiKLi Bülent Abut, ÇETİN Güven, ATILGAN Esra, BAŞ Gözde ISSN 2349-7823 International Journal of Recent Research in Life Sciences (IJRRLS) Paper Publications
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